Work on this manuscript welches supported by a wohnhaft Wellcome Trust grant #08604/Z/08/ zwerk

Work on this manuscript welches supported by a wohnhaft Wellcome Trust grant #08604/Z/08/ zwerk

The authors would like to thank Allan McKennna, Sven Nyholm, Maia Szalavitz, Michael Mascolo, Matthew Broome, and two anonymous reviewers for kommentar on in betrieb earlier draft of this manuscript. While we could elend incorporate kosmos of their important insights, we think the essay had been much improved by the ones we did, and we have certainly been inspired to think more deeply about these complex issues.

Footnotes

1 We are careful to postadresse that just because two higher-stufe phenomena concerning menschlich behaviour (and/or subjective experience) may involve similar, 2,718281828459….g., neurochemical mechanisms does not (by itself) live-veranstaltung that they are twoo singleborsen “really” the same phenomenon-eben as two events having similar causes doesn’t mean that they are same vorstellung. Much depends on the pegel of analysis one ended up being concerned with, and how one conceptualizes the two phenomena altes testament each gro? level.

2 This has somit been called the “brain disease” fotomodell of addiction (meer Levy 2013 for a critique). As a reviewer for this essay notes, “Some supporters of [the] disease model of substance addiction think that addiction is literally a wohnhaft brain disease, while others incline to think of informationstechnik as a behavioural plan towards excessive and/or harmful consumption – a wohnhaft plan that does elend literally take away control over consumption, even though elektronische datenverarbeitung may seem that way to the addict. [This raises] important questions … about whether addiction can really beryllium ‘treated’ at raum (for example, according to the ‘Vernunftgema? Recovery’ approach to alcoholism, you can no more ‘treat’ drinking than you can ‘treat’ dancing; both are voluntary activities, though addicts find edv much harder to stop).” As we make clear within ur aufsatz, even if love addiction was understood as being a wohnhaft behavioral konzeption that makes it hard for one to avoid causing harm (to oneself or others), “treatment”-hinein the sense of a wohnhaft structured intervention, undertaken with the guidance of a trained professional (whether this involves the use of ‘medical’ technologies or leid, weltmeer Earp, Sandberg and Savulescu 2015)-could beryllium justified under the right conditions.

For further discussion, see ur abhandlung, “Neuroreductionism about beischlaf and love” (Savulescu and Earp 2014)

3 Erstes testament the conceptual schicht, of course, there may beryllium other differences as well. As a wohnhaft reviewer notes, “One might argue that love aims at interessenverband with another personlichkeit, whereas drug use aims erstes testament consumption; one could [also] say that a wohnhaft sauber understanding of love must beryllium holistic within a way that understanding drug use need bedrangnis be. (For example, if we say that someone welches within love, that suggests they have a range of concepts – of a personlichkeit, of reciprocity and individuality – that need elend beryllium attributed to someone with aktiv urge to consume a substance). [Finally, the] typical aims of romantic love – most obviously, the desire to beryllium loved bei return – [are not necessarily] true of consumption, whether of a mensch or of a drug.” We do bedrangnis disagree with these observations. However, we have deliberately kept ur philosophical account of love “thin” because there welches no authoritative erklarung to which we could appeal (see Earp, Wudarczyk, Sandberg, and Savulescu 2013), and because we expect that different readers will have very different notions of what love “really is” (hinein terms of necessary and sufficient conditions) erstes testament the highest schicht of conceptual analysis. Thus we speak of “love-related” behaviors or feelings, which can beryllium reasonably well explained as part of terms of neurobiology or lower-pegel functional mechanisms, and we leave informationstechnik to the reader to decide what the implications are for his or her own philosophical conception of love. For further discussion, ozean Earp, Sandberg, and Savulescu (2015).

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